Current estimates put wild tiger number to be as low as 3200. This number is derived partly from recent comprehensive estimates available from India, which support nearly 43% of wild tigers in Asia. Tigers are found in 13 countries- Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam. They are known as tiger range state or countries. If the present trend of poaching, habitat destruction and fragmentation continues the magnificent mammals will face extinction in the near future. If no action is taken to stop the poaching and illegal hunting, and to enhance habitat protection, it is possible tiger population in much of its range will drop so low that we reach a point of no return for wild tiger for many places in Asia.
Tiger are part of our planet’s heritage, a symbol of earth’s biodiversity. They are a keystone species, crucial for the integrity of the ecosystem in which they live. In short when tiger thrive the whole ecosystem thrives. Given an adequate space, prey base and protection, wild tiger population can increase and we can save tiger from extinction. To combat this issue the influential world leader such as Russia’s Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, Nepal’s Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal, the Minister of Environment form Thailand, India, and Bhutan, and the president of the World Bank, Robert Zoellick came up with right moves by calling the heads of state tiger summit at St. Petersburg for high level and youth tiger summit at Vladivostok organized by WWF Russsia.